Lesson: STI’s & HIV
Q: What is the treatment for HIV exactly?
A: While a cure does not exist, the most common treatment is Antiretroviral Therapy (ART). ART drugs can keep a person healthy for many years by reducing the amount of viral load (virus) in your blood or bodily fluids. This can also reduce the chance of the virus spreading to your partners.
There is also post-exposure prophylaxis (PEP), an ART drug that should be taken within 72 hours of exposure to the virus. If you have been sharing needles, having sex, or have been sexually assaulted by someone you believe to have HIV, see a doctor immediately to talk about your options. This drug is effective in preventing an HIV infection if taken correctly.
Q: What is the difference between HIV & AIDS?
A: HIV is a virus that may cause an infection, but AIDS is a condition or a syndrome. Being infected with HIV can lead to the development of AIDS, which stands for acquired immunodeficiency syndrome. AIDS develops when HIV has caused serious damage to the immune system.
Q:How do women know when to push when giving birth?
A: When giving birth, people feel contractions following cervical dilation. When this occurs, it is recommended to push about three times. If the person is in the hospital, their nurse will be able to help out in timing.
Q: Can an STI be transmitted if the girl has underwear on ?
A: It’s less likely, but it’s not impossible. It’s best to use protection unless you are absolutely sure neither of you have an STI.
Q:Should people with HIV or AIDS not be allowed to have sex so that more people will not die?
A: When you have HIV/AIDS and are in a relationship that might be sexual, the first thing you need to do is tell your partner. They should be able to make an informed decision on whether they want to have sex. There are also different ways to have sexual interaction that doesn’t involve contact with semen, vaginal fluids, pre-seminal fluids, or rectal fluids. Condoms and other protective methods also help. There is also medication that the person without HIV can take to lower their risk of getting it by 98% (this is called Pre-Exposure Prophylaxis (PrEP))
Q: Has anybody gotten rid of AIDs?
A: Because AIDS refers to the symptoms taking advantage of a person’s lowered immune system, I’m going to guess that youŕe actually referring to HIV, which is the virus. While there is no cure at this time, some scientists have patients who have gone through a ¨sustained remission¨ where a person is able to fight back against the virus naturally, without the need for Antiretroviral Therapy (ART).
Q:What STI can be spread by french kiss or saliva?
A: The STIs that you can get through kissing are Herpes, Hepatitis B, Syphilis, and HPV. Herpes can be transmitted through skin contact and chances increase if there are any sores around the mouth. Hepatitis B can be passed through saliva and open sores, but you can be vaccinated against it. Syphilis and HIV can only be passed if both partners have open sores, so it’s unlikely but possible. HIV can be passed through deep french kissing if there are open sores or cut/bleeding gums.
Q:Why do some girls eat the cum? It’s so gross.
A: Some people find it to be erotic. Whether or not you swallow ejaculation should be up to you and your belief system. Don’t do anything you don’t want to do.
Q:Can you get HIV or AIDS by kissing?
A: It depends. While HIV does not spread through saliva, if both partners have open sores or cuts, the blood from the infected partner could get into the other partner. Again, this requires both partners to have open cuts.
Q:Do vaginas loosen over time when you have sex alot?
A: No. The vagina can stretch in the moment, but after having sex, the vagina will return to the size it was before. The vagina only really gets ‘looser’ after childbirth or when someone gets old.
Q: Where can I go to learn more?
A: We highly recommend the Center for Disease Control (www.cdc.gov). You can also check out Scarleteen http://www.scarleteen.com/article/sexual_health/the_sti_files_human_immunodeficiency_virus_hiv
And as always, you can email us or use the submission form on our website.
Q: Is vagina fluid safe to drink?
A: Only if your partner does not have an STI and is keeping up with proper genital hygiene. If you are concerned, you may want to use a dental dam.
Q:Can you be born with HIV?
A: Yes. However, there is medication a pregnant parent can take to prevent it from spreading to the child.